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Bulwer’s Petrel

BULWER’S PETREL
Pétrel de Bulwer

Pétrel de Bulwer


APPEARANCE AND IDENTIFICATION

10 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. It is a small petrel, with a dark brown plumage with a pale stripe that passes diagonally on top of the wings. Its black beak is characteristic of that Petrels: it is hooked at one end and surmounted by two horny tubes after which the nostrils open. It flies right above of the waves with an erratic and tortuous flight and short gliding phases. Its tail appears sharp and long during the flight.

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Procellariidae

Category: Seabirds


LOCATION

Breeds in the Marquesas (large islands and islets of Hatutaa’a), visits Tahiti and Moorea. It also breeds in tropical regions of the Pacific (including Hawaii, Phoenix Islands …) and in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.


CHARACTERISTICS

Small oceanic islands, atolls and rocky islets that it visits only at night.

Shout like puppies. “uh-uh-uh-uh” jerky and slow. Does not sing while flying.

To listen the Bulwer’s Petrel:
http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Bulweria-bulwerii

To know more about “The mystery of the seabird that barks like a dog“, click HERE.

Primarily microorganisms, fish eggs, ctenophora et polychaete.

Nests on rocks from 4-50 meters above the sea level. In the open air or in crevices of the rocks. It also uses the burrows dug by other species. The nests are close to one another. An egg, 41 x 30 mm, is laid from September to December (the Marquesas). The young fledges from January to April.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.

Bibliography:
https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/1005
http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=058773E4925D5D2E
http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/petrel.de.bulwer.html
http://ifrecor-doc.fr/items/show/1283
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22698132
http://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/bulwers-petrel-bulweria-bulwerii
https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22698132/132627626

NAMES

Scientifique Name: Bulweria bulwerii (Jardine & Selby, 1828)

Polynesian Names:
teiko (Marquises)

LOCATION
  • Pacific Ocean: tropical areas
  • Atlantic Ocean: tropical areas
  • Indian Ocean: tropical areas

STATUS AND PROTECTION
Probably sensitive to the presence of rats, especially black rats, as suggested by its location on the islets.

The species is classified as “Least Concern” (LC) on the IUCN Red List but listed as “Endangered” (EN) on the France and Polynesia 2015 UICN Red List.