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Bristle-thighed Curlew

BRISTLE-THIGHED CURLEW

APPEARANCE AND IDENTIFICATION

17 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. This is a big wader with mottled beige brown on the wings, back and tail. The cap is brown with a tan line split. The eye is struck by a dark band. The legs are long and blue. It is easily recognizable by its long pink and black beak curved downward.

Order: Charadriiformes

Family: Scolopacidae

Category: Migratory Birds


LOCATION

Breeds in July / August in the tundra of northern Alaska and from winter in the Pacific Islands. From September to June, it can be observed everywhere in French Polynesia where it has a clear preference for the islands and islets devoid of predators (Men, dogs, pigs, cats). It is less common in the Austral.

Courlis d'Alaska en vol-Tahanea©Jean Kape

Courlis d’Alaska en vol-Tahanea©Jean Kape


CHARACTERISTICS

It’s a wader species. It seeks for food on reefs, beaches, mudflats and occasionally in the short grass.

Whistles loudly « pi-ou » ou « weou-wouit » while in flying.

To listen the Bristle-thighed Curlew:
http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Numenius-tahitiensis

Using his long curved beak to dig in the mud and crevices. Captures molluscs, worms and crabs but also consumes various plants.

Alaska only. A single clutch of four eggs, would be attempted.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.

Bibliography:
https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/442142
http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=2507326E050C00B1
http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/courlis.d.alaska.html
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22693182
http://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/bristle-thighed-curlew-numenius-tahitiensis
https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22693182/95218288

NAMES

Scientific Name: Numenius tahitiensis (Gmelin, 1789)

Polynesian Names:
Kivi, teu’e, teue, kiwi (Society), kivi (Tuamotu, Mangareva), kivivi (Mangareva), kioi (Nuku Hiva), keuhe (Hiva Oa, Ua Huka)

LOCATION
  • Alaska (breeding)
  • South Pacific (migration)

STATUS AND PROTECTION

The species is listed in category A of the list of species protected by the territorial regulations of French Polynesia.
It is classified as “Vulnerable” (VU) on the IUCN Red List.