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Marquesas Kingfisher

MARQUESAS KINGFISHER
Martin-chasseur des Marquises ©Fred Jacq

Martin-chasseur des Marquises ©Fred Jacq


APPEARANCE AND IDENTIFICATION
Martin-chasseur des Marquises_Tahuata©Tun Pin ONG

Martin-chasseur des Marquises_Tahuata©Tun Pin ONG

7 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. Bright blue on the wings and tail, white on the underside of the body. The head is white with the exception of a grey line extending from the beak and passes through the eye to the neck. A red triangle marks the center of the back.

Order: Coraciiformes

Family: Alcedinidae

Catégorie : Endemic Birds


LOCATION

: Islands of Hiva Oa and Tahuata, possibly extinct in Hiva Oa.


CHARACTERISTICS

Deep in rainforests valleys, low and medium altitudes; coconut groves, slopes covered with aito (Casuarina equisetifolia).

Brief “Ksss” or longer reminiscent of a laugh. It emits a “kru” or “tchip” successively and sings at sunset.

To listen the Marquesas Kingfisher:
http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Todiramphus-godeffroyi

Mostly insects and lizards.

It nests in hollow tree trunks such as the fara (Pandanus tectorius), Mango tree (Mangifera indica) and Breadfruit or mei (Artocarpus altilis) and reproduce especially during the austral summer (October to January). It seems to use the same tree for nesting over the years.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.

Bibliography:
https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/459458
http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=ED3D4981652681FB
http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/martin-chasseur.des.marquises.html
http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/marquesas-kingfisher-todiramphus-godeffroyi
http://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/marquesas-kingfisher-todiramphus-godeffroyi
https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22683487/92987809

NAMES

Scientific Name: Todiramphus godeffroyi (Finsch, 1877)

Polynesian Names:
Pahi (Tahuata and Hiva Oa)

LOCATION
  • Marquesas (Hiva Oa and Tahuata)

STATUS AND PROTECTION

The species is endangered. The introductions of other birds such as Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) and Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) appear to be the cause of its scarcity on Hiva Oa. In 1971-75, they were 50 individuals on Hiva Oa, 400 ± 100 on Tahuata. In 2001, we found that the species was nearly extinct or extinct in Hiva Oa. However, one hunter reported that he had seen one recently. Now it is still present on Tahuata where its numbers were estimated around 355 birds in 2011 but only 261 individuals in 2017.

The species is listed in category A, the list of species protected by the territorial regulations of French Polynesia.
It is classified as “Critically Endangered” (CR) on the IUCN Red List.