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Collared Petrel

COLLARED PETREL

Photo Caroline Blanvillain


APPEARANCE AND IDENTIFICATION
Pétrel à collier © Fred Jacq

Pétrel à collier © Fred Jacq

12 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. The top of the body, the head, tail and wing tips are dark grey.  A black “M” stretches on the wings. The rest is grey sometimes tending towards white. The eye is highlighted with a thin white line. The forehead, cheeks and the ventral surface of the bird are white except for an incomplete grey necklace around the throat and wings which are lined with black on their periphery. A black band of the front edge wing curves towards the middle of the wing in its proximal part. Its beak, strong and black, is characteristic of the Petrels: it is hooked at its end and surmounted by two horny tubes after which the nostrils open.
The legs are black and pink.

Order: Procellariiformes

Family: Procellariidae

Category: Seabirds


LOCATION

Australia, New Caledonia, Raivavae (Austral Islands), Tahiti and Moorea (but the species presence on this last island must be verified).


CHARACTERISTICS

Pelagic outside the breeding seasons.

Repeated ‘Kik’ while in flight and a more and more treble “pee” on the ground.

To listen the Collared Petrel:
http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Pterodroma-brevipes

It dives to catch its prey: crustaceans, cephalopods and fishes.

Breeds in small scattered colonies from 20 to 50 individuals in burrows located on the heights.

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.

Bibliography:
https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/442285
http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=6983FAD165D6636B
http://ifrecor-doc.fr/items/show/1283
http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22697970
http://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/collared-petrel-pterodroma-brevipes
https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22697987/132617265

NAMES

Scientifique Name: Pterodroma brevipes (Peale, 1848)

Polynesian Names:
Upo’a

LOCATION
  • Society: Tahiti, Moorea
  • Austral: Raivavae
  • Australia
  • Fiji
  • New Caledonia

STATUS AND PROTECTION

In Raivavae, where the population is apparently tiny, threats include: 1) fire, directly on birds and their habitat (natural forests), 2) goats that reduce the area of natural forests, and 3) the predation of cats.

The species is listed in category A, the list of species protected by the territorial regulations of French Polynesia.
It is classified as vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List but listed as « Endangered » (EN) on the France and Polynesia 2015 UICN Red List.