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White-tailed Tropicbird

WHITE-TAILED TROPICBIRD

APPEARANCE AND IDENTIFICATION
Phaéton à bec jaune - Photo Alexandre Champarnaud

Phaéton à bec jaune © Alexandre Champarnaud

16 inches for length, with a tail of 12 inches. Male and female identical in appearance. Big bird with white body and two black lines on the periphery of the eye. Black feathers with an incomplete “V” on the dorsal side of the body (visible in flight). Black feathers at the base, marked with black at the end of the wings on their dorsum. Two long white or yellow feathers decorate the tail. The beak is yellow and the legs are blue and black at the tip.


OrderPhaethontiformes

Family: Phaethontidae

Category: Seabirds


LOCATION

Tropical and subtropical seas. Breeds in the five archipelagos of French Polynesia.


CHARACTERISTICS

Nests in cliff cavities, tree or on the ground. Seen around the seaside cliffs and were located inland on Tahiti up to 600 meters.

Loud and defensive shouts from the nest, “ttt …” loud and crackling calls in flight and on parade.

To listen the White-tailed Tropicbird:
http://www.xeno-canto.org/species/Phaethon-lepturus

Cephalopods and fish it catches by diving.

Studied outside French Polynesia. Niches throughout the year in a hole by the trees and in hollow cliffs. The spawn consists of a white egg with dark purple spots (50 x 36 mm). Incubation lasts 41 days and the young takes off at the age of 10-15 weeks.

Juvénile de Phaéton à bec jaune

Juvénile de Phaéton à bec jaune

Original text by Caroline BLANVILLAIN – Supplements and update by various members of the SOP Manu.

Bibliography:
https://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/418705
http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/species.jsp?avibaseid=1D07B501FEAF0840
http://www.oiseaux.net/oiseaux/phaeton.a.bec.jaune.html
http://ifrecor-doc.fr/items/show/1283
http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/white-tailed-tropicbird-phaethon-lepturus
http://www.hbw.com/ibc/species/white-tailed-tropicbird-phaethon-lepturus
https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22696645/131756065

NAMES

Scientifique Name: Phaethon lepturus Daudin, 1802

Polynesian Names:
Hopetea, pete’a, ma’uro’a hope u’o, mauroa, ma’uroa kopetea, mauroa-hope-‘uo, petea (Society), makura (Tuamotu), tavake uaka (Mangareva), to’ake, to’ae, toake, tovake, tova’e, tevake, teva’e (Marquesas), mauroa (Tubuai), petea (Rimatara)

LOCATION
  • Tropical and subtropical seas

STATUS AND PROTECTION

Common species in Polynesia.

The species is classified as “Least Concern” (LC) on the IUCN Red List.